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Objectives and philosophy

The Congo Challenge Review (RCC) is a platform for in-depth reflections in the field of economics. It intends to focus its publications mainly on economic questions in the broad sense of the term, combining considerations, analyzes of the economic situation, public policies in the short term (budgetary and monetary policies) and in the long term (growth policies, employment, industrialization or economic diversification). The journal attaches importance to certain ethical and professional values. It places itself above any political ideology or belonging to the major currents of thought in economic science. It aims to be unifying and consensual, but non-partisan.

Frequency and conditions of publications

The publication of the RCC is biannual. The journal receives original articles, which have not been the subject of any other publication or simultaneous publication.

When the author(s) wish to publish part or all of his/her (their) article in another journal, he/she/they must request the prior opinion of the editorial director.

The journal receives articles written in English or French. The summary and key words will be translated into both languages.

Articles are submitted in electronic format, in Word or LaTeX format (preferably in LaTeX).

General formatting

Manuscripts should be submitted in double-spaced format using characters of 12
Submit your manuscript with materials organized as follows:
The title page, including the abstract.
The body of the paper
References (bibliography).
Tables and figures, each on one page
Appendices, including data sources, proof details, and detailed mathematical derivations.

Title and first page

The first page of the manuscript should contain the following information:

The title
The name(s) and institutional affiliation(s) of the author(s).
An abstract presenting the essential contributions of the article, of a maximum length of 100
A footnote on the first page should indicate the name, address, telephone and email numbers of the corresponding author.
At least one classification code according to the article classification system used by the Journal of Economic Literature (JEL).
Up to four keywords, designed to help the reader identify where your article fits within the literature and the nature of its
Acknowledgments and information on grants received may be given in a first footnote, usually placed at the end of the title, which should not be included in consecutive footnote numbering

Research highlights

The RCC uses research highlights:
Include 3 to 5 highlights from your document
Only the main results of the paper should be covered

Document body

The manuscript should be divided into sections and subsections.
Subsections are not encouraged in the introduction
Sections should be numbered with Arabic numerals, starting with “Introduction”.
The following sections, subsections and sub-subsections shall be numbered respectively as follows: 2; 1; and 2.1.1.
Section titles should be short and should not exceed one
Subsection headers should not directly follow section headers.
No lower-level header should ever immediately follow a higher-level header without an intervening sentence.
Footnotes should be kept to a minimum in number and size.
Footnotes should be numbered consecutively throughout the text with Arabic numerals in
Endnotes should not be used.

Rule for text

The words “I” and “we” should only be used for emphasis and not as a regular construction. As a guide, “I” or “we” should not appear more than three times per page.
Do not use the opening “epigraph” quotation marks displayed before the introduction. If absolutely necessary, please insert these quotations in the text after the introductory paragraphs or in a first footnote.
Do not use displayed, bulleted or numbered lists


Displayed formulas should be numbered consecutively throughout the manuscript in the form (1), (2), , at the right margin of the page.
Do not number the formulas by section (2.1; 2; . . .).
Mathematical notation should be designed to help the reader understand concepts. For example, in economics, it is no coincidence that “I” is used for investment in many situations, rather than “X”. The use of compound notation (such as INVEST) should be avoided.


The text of references to publications and working papers should be as follows:
“Fisher (2006) established that…”.
“This problem has been the subject of several studies in the literature (see for example, Fisher and Hornstein, 2002)”.
“This problem has been the subject of several studies in the literature (see for example, Fisher et al., 1969)”.
The author should ensure that there is a direct correspondence between the names and years in the text and those in the list of references (the bibliography).
The list of references (the bibliography) should appear at the end of the main text (before the appendices). It should be listed alphabetically by author name.
All references must be prepared in the format detailed below in the Reference Format section.

Figures and tables

All figures must be numbered consecutively in the text in figures
Figures should include an explanatory note so that a reader can easily understand the origin and importance of the document without referring to the text
In a figure, line types and symbols should be chosen so that they are understandable when printed in black and white.
The background of the figures must be white only.
The axes of the figures must be clearly indicated.
Tables must be numbered consecutively in the text in figures
The tables must be self-contained, in the sense that the reader must be able to understand them without returning to the text of the article.
Tables should include an explanatory note, including variable definitions, so that the reader can easily understand the content.
Each table must have a title followed by a descriptive legend. Authors should check tables to ensure that the title, column headers, and captions are clear and relevant.


It is RCC policy to publish appendices, where applicable, following the list of references.

Additional materials

Authors are strongly recommended to submit any additional material that may be of interest to readers.
Supplementary materials enhance the ability to replicate results and citations in the literature. They may include: (i) appendices containing details of the evidence, explanations of data sources and calculation algorithms, (ii) computer programs , (iii) data files, (iv) deeper explorations of the topics studied in the published paper, such as the development of theoretical models, analysis of the robustness of empirical specifications or additional computational experiments.
Authors must ensure that the main document can be read and understood without reference to additional documents
A publisher may require the provision of additional material (such as evidence, data sets, or computer programs) as a condition of publication. However, editors do not review them in the same detail as the paper.