General formatting
  1. During the review and evaluation process, manuscripts should be submitted in double spaced format using 12 point type.
  2. Submit your manuscript with the material organized as follows:
  • Title page, including abstract.
  • Body of paper.
  • Tables and figures, each on a separate page.
  • Appendices including data sources, details of proofs and detailed derivations.
Title and first page
  1. The first page of the manuscript should contain the following information:
  • The title.
  • The name(s) and institutional affiliation(s) of the author(s).
  • An abstract summarizing the core contributions of the article, of not more than 100 words.
  • A footnote on the first page should give the name, address, telephone and e-mail address of the corresponding author.
  • At least one classification code according to the Classification System for Journal Articles as used by the Journal of Economic Literature (JEL).
  • Up to five key words, designed to help the reader identify the location of your paper in the literature and the nature of its contribution.
  • Acknowledgements and information on grants received can be given in a first footnote, which should not be included in the consecutive numbering of footnotes.
Research highlights
  1. The CCR employs research highlights:
  • Include 3 to 5 highlights of your paper.
  • Only the core results of the paper should be covered.
Body of document
  1. The manuscript should be broken into sections and subsections.
  2. Subsections are not encouraged in the introduction.
  3. Sections should be numbered with Arabic numbers, starting with “1. Introduction”.
  4. Subsequent sections, sub-sections, and sub-sub-sections should be numbered as 2; 2.1; and 2.1.1 respectively.
  5. Section titles should be short and should not run over one line.
  6. Subsection headings should not directly follow section headings.
  7. No lower level heading should ever immediately follow an upper level heading without an intervening sentence.
  8. Footnotes should be kept to a minimum in number and length.
  9. Footnotes should be numbered consecutively throughout the text with superscript Arabic numerals.
  10. Endnotes should not be used.
Rules for text material
  1. The words “I” and “we” should be used only for emphasis, not as a regular construction. As a guideline, “I” or “we” should appear no more than three times per page.
  2. Do not use opening quotations “epigraphs” displayed prior to the introduction. If absolutely necessary, please insert such quotations in the text after introductory paragraphs or as an early footnote.
  3. Do not use displayed, bulleted, or numbered lists .
  1. Displayed formulae should be numbered consecutively throughout the manuscript as (1), (2), etc. against the right-hand margin of the page.
  2. Do not number formulae by section (2.1,2.2,…).
  3. Mathematical notation should be designed to help the reader understand concepts. It is not an accident that “ I ” is used for investment in many examples, rather than “ X ”. Use of compound notation (such as INVEST) should be avoided.
  1. Text references to publications and working papers should be as follows: ‘Smith (1992) reported that…’ of ‘This problem has been studied previously (e.g., Smith et al., 1969)’.
  2. The author should make sure that there is a strict one-to-one correspondence between the names and years in the text and those on the reference list.
  3. The list of references should appear at the end of the main text (before any appendices). It should be listed in alphabetical order by author’s name.
  4. All references should be prepared in the format detailed below in the section Details on reference format.
Figures and Tables
  1. All graphs and diagrams should be referred to as figures, and should be numbered consecutively in the text in Arabic numerals.
  2. Figures should include an explanatory note, so that a reader can easily understand the origin and importance of the material without referring back to the main text.
  3. Figure line-types and symbols should be chosen so that these are understandable when printed in black and white.
  4. Figure backgrounds must be white only.
  5. Figure axes must be clearly marked.
  6. Tables should be numbered consecutively in the text in Arabic numerals.
  7. Tables must be self-contained, in the sense that the reader must be able to understand them without going back to the text of the paper.
  8. Tables must include an explanatory note, including variable definitions so that it is easy for a reader to understand the material.
  9. Each table must have a title followed by a descriptive legend. Authors should check tables to be sure that the title, column headings, captions, etc. are clear and to the point.
  1. The CCR policy is publish appendices in the hardcopy, after the list of references.
Supplementary materials
  1. Authors are strongly advised to submit supplementary materials, where they will be available to an interested reader.
  2. Supplementary materials enhance replication of and citations to research and may include: (i) appendices containing details of proofs, explanations of data sources, and details of computational algorithms, (ii) computer programs, (iii) data files, (iv) further explorations of topics studied in the published paper such as elaboration of theoretical models, robustness analysis of empirical specifications, or additional computational experiments.
  3. Authors should make sure that the main paper can be read and understood without reference to the supplementary materials.
  4. An editor may require the provision of supplemental materials (such as proofs, data sets, or computational programs) as a condition of publication. However, editors do not review them with the same detail as the core paper.
Formatting templates
  1. We have some templates that can aid you in formatting manuscript submissions using Latex, or Microsoft Word.
Details on reference format
  1. For monographs
Stokey, Nancy L., Robert E. Lucas and Edward C. Prescott, 1989, Recursive Methods in Economic Dynamics, Harvard University Press.
  1. For contributions to collective works
Blanchard, Olivier J., 1990, Why Does Money Affect Output? A Survey. In: Benjamin M. Friedman and Frank H. Hahn (eds.), Handbook of Monetary Economics. Elsevier, Amsterdam , pp. 779-835.
  1. For periodicals
Acemoglu, Daron and Pascual Restrepo, 1992, “The Race between Man and Machine: Implications of Technology for Growth, Factor Shares, and Employment,” The American Economic Review, vol. 108, no. 6, 1488-1542.
  1. Note that journal titles should not be abbreviated.
REFEREES High quality and timely referee reports are essential to the performance of any journal. While most manuscripts will ultimately not be published at the Journal, it is important that the referee and editorial evaluation provide the author with useful feedback on his/her manuscript. The Congo Challenge Review (CCR) provides authors with an excellent set of referees. If interested, the editor thank you in advance for the invaluable service that you will provide to the authors. Contact : redaction@congochallenge.cd The deadline for CCR reports is a firm one. If you know that you will not be able to make it when you receive a review request, please decline the assignment. If you later learn that you will not be able to hit the deadline, please contact the editor.